Jeb Bush, who converted to Catholicism 20 years ago, is reportedly excited about Pope Francis’s first visit to the US. As he stated in a CNN op-ed on Monday:
The church has grounded me and my beliefs in a deep way of thinking about mercy, penance and the dignity and potential of every life, young and old, rich and poor, born and not yet born.
Despite his current enthusiasm, Bush spoke against listening to the pope on certain issues in June:
I don’t get economic policy from my bishops or my cardinals or my pope… I think religion ought to be about making us better as people, less about things [that] end up getting into the political realm.
Regardless of the ostensible separation of church and state, the two are still intertwined. Politicians frequently use religion to support their causes and have selective hearing when their religion doesn’t line up with their political beliefs. Meanwhile, many voters are influenced by politicians’ religions, often leading to ugly discrimination.
Pope Francis’s US visit hits at an important point in the 2016 election.
There are six Catholic Republican presidential candidates, including Bush, Chris Christie and Marco Rubio. On the Democratic side, candidate Martin O’Malley is Catholic, as is Joe Biden -- though he hasn’t said whether or not he will run.
The pope spoke in a joint session of Congress this morning for the first time ever and touched on climate change, immigration and income inequality.
On specific American policies, the pope has spoken about the Iran nuclear deal and opening relations with Cuba. Pope Francis also has strong feelings on prisons and will be visiting one during his time in Philadelphia.
While the Catholic Church is traditionally fairly conservative, Pope Francis has been adopting more liberal perspectives, forcing some Republican politicians to confront conflicts with his stances.
Everyone agrees income inequality exists, but how do you address it?
Pope Francis made income inequality a major focus of his papacy. Presidential candidates across the divide agree income inequality is a problem but disagree on specifics.
The pope (and the International Monetary Fund) said trickle-down economics -- decreasing taxes for the wealthy to increase investment -- don't work. The pope has strong views against capitalism and believes working for profit is idolatry.
When it comes to raising the federal minimum wage, O’Malley supports increasing it to $15. Christie and Rubio suggested a $15 federal minimum wage would lose jobs. Bush, meanwhile, thinks minimum wages should be left to the states to decide.
The pope wants immigrants welcomed with open arms.
On Friday, Pope Francis will visit a Catholic school in East Harlem and meet with immigrants -- including some who are undocumented -- to show his support for more inclusive immigration policies.
Other candidates are not quite as welcoming. Christie said he wants to track immigrants like FedEx packages to see what they’re doing and make sure they don’t overstay visas.
Rubio said he supports creating a path to citizenship, but a very slow one that wouldn’t take place within his theoretical presidency.
Pope Francis is outspoken about addressing climate change.
The pope issued an encyclical in June saying climate change is real and developed countries need to limit use of nonrenewable energy and help poorer countries create sustainable development.
This was the point on which Bush, who has questioned how much humans affect climate change, said the pope should not be commenting.
At the last GOP debate, Rubio basically said the opposite of what the pope called for:
We are not going to make America a harder place to create jobs in order to pursue policies that will do absolutely nothing, nothing to change our climate, to change our weather, because America is a lot of things, the greatest country in the world, absolutely. But America is not a planet.
Christie acknowledges the reality of climate change but said at the debate there's no need for major government intervention.
Everyone agrees on prison reform.
Similar to President Obama, the pope has commented “there but for the grace of God go I” regarding prisoners while supporting the Catholic ideal of mercy.
The pope is clear on Cuba and the Iran nuclear deal.
Bush, Christie and Rubio have all firmly stated opening the relationship with Cuba is a bad idea. Christie addressed the pope’s role, saying:
I just think the pope was wrong... The fact is that his infallibility is on religious matters, not on political ones.
The pope has a different job than I do. … I do not believe it is in the national interest of the United States to have a one-sided agreement with an anti-American, communist tyranny 90 miles from our shores.
But how much do Pope Francis’s comments really matter?
Regardless of what Pope Francis actually says during this visit, the presidential candidates will hear what they want to hear and write everything else off as something the pope shouldn’t be commenting on as a religious figure.
It’s unlikely any of the candidates will change their stances based on the pope’s comments -- as much as we hope his visit moves Congress to do something about climate change.
At the end of the day, politicians are going to do what they’ve always done: Spin the situation in the way that works best for them.