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A traditional wooden mahjong set is displayed in a handcrafted wooden box.

6 Mahjong Sets To Buy If You’re Interested In Celebrating The Game's Rich History

A recent instance of cultural appropriation made waves in the gaming industry, and the internet was quick to call it out. On Jan. 4, three white women were accused of appropriating Chinese culture after the launch of The Mahjong Line, a company that aimed to give a "modern makeover" to the traditional Chinese game of mahjong.

The founders of The Mahjong Line, Kate LaGere, Annie O'Grady, and Bianca Watson, were accused of whitewashing the tile-centric game, which originated in China in the 1800s, and was popularized in the Chinese cities of Beijing and Shanghai, based on a 2013 Stanford University report on the history of the game. It was introduced to the United States in the 1920s by American tourists and business owners, and gave Chinese American players the opportunity to bond while playing. Mahjong quickly spread among players with different backgrounds as well, including the American Jewish population in New York City in the 1950s.

Fast forward to 2020, the founders of The Mahjong Line — who have no apparent cultural connection to the game — decided to give this centuries-old pastime a "modern refresh." Bright designs such as skylight blue-colored tiles with random symbols like the word "BAM" written out in English and bags of flour replaced traditional Chinese symbols — such as bamboo and flowers, respectively — from the original version of the game. There’s even a playing mat available inscribed with phrases like “Get Your Mahj On” and “Not Your Mama’s Mahjong.” LaGere's reasoning for this “refresh," per the company website, was because the traditional artwork on the tiles “did not reflect the fun” she had when playing the game with her friends. (This information has since been removed from The Mahjong Line's About Us page.)

The Mahjong Line

After failing to acknowledge mahjong's Chinese origin and whitewashing the cultural roots of the game to attract what the website calls “jaunty gals playing a civilized game with a wink,” the Dallas-based company received major backlash on the internet. One Twitter user, Christina Young, called out The Mahjong Line for having a “wHiTe GiRL aEsThEtiC (because traditional Chinese tiles were too boring and didn't match their star signs).”

Twitter user Jeremy Lee echoed Young's remarks, noting that Chinese culture is “one of the oldest civilizations in the world. It is a product of thousands of years of tradition and history" and "not some cheap coloring book that can be filled-in and be 'made pretty' by the standards of privileged teenyboppers.”

After the internet backlash, on Jan. 5, The Mahjong Line released a statement on Instagram, as well as on its website, apologizing: "We launched this company in November of 2020 with pure intentions and a shared love for the game of American Mahjong, which carries a rich history here in the United States. Our mission is to combine our passion for art and color alongside the fun of the game while seeking to appeal to novices and experienced players alike. American Mahjong tiles have evolved for many decades and we'd like to be part of this evolution in the most respectful and authentic way possible. While our intent is to inspire and engage with a new generation of American mahjong players, we recognize our failure to pay proper homage to the game's Chinese heritage. Using words like ‘refresh’ were hurtful to many and we are deeply sorry.”

At the time of publication, The Mahjong Line continues to sell its Minimal Line sets at $325 and its Cheeky Line and Botanical Line sets at $425 with no changes in design, nor mention of future changes. (For reference, a traditional mahjong set is available for purchase via PearlRiver.com for $59.) Elite Daily reached out to The Mahjong Line for comment regarding potential plans to change its "modern" concepts, but did not hear back at the time of publication.

If your goal is to play mahjong in a way that's true to its culture and history, you don't have to purchase a trendy set that ignores the importance of the game's origin. Below, you will find more than a handful of products that maintain the traditional characters, symbols, design, and overall cultural significance of the game. One of the versions listed is sold by the first Chinese American department store in the world, while another is handcrafted by a father-daughter team based in Hong Kong. Other sets give context to the historical roots of the game and also support artisans. Whether you're new to the game or an experienced player, investing in one of these mahjong sets will help to keep the integrity of the centuries-old Chinese game alive.

We only include products that have been independently selected by Elite Daily's editorial team. However, we may receive a portion of sales if you purchase a product through a link in this article.

01
A Set With Two Versions To Choose From

This mahjong set is available in a "Western" option, which comes with numbered tiles, and an "Asian" option, which features Chinese symbols. Shopping these sets also means supporting Pearl River, the first Chinese American department store in the world. The brand's flagship store is located in New York City's Tribeca neighborhood.

02
A Personalized Set For A Special Occasion

This completely unique mahjong set is a joint effort between Hong Kong-based illustrator Karen Aruba and her father, who carves each tile by hand. According to Aruba's Etsy profile, the father-daughter team works hard to spread awareness of the beautiful tradition of creating the game. This particular set can be personalized to celebrate special occasions, such as a birthday or anniversary.

03
A Set Decorated With Koi Fish

The koi fish design on these tiles symbolizes perseverance, good luck, and abundance. This set comes in a wooden carrying case with dice, count scoring coins, and even tile holders to shield your tiles from your opponents' views. It's a great choice for beginners who are unfamiliar with Chinese characters, as the tiles are engraved with Arabic numerals (1-9).

04
A Set Great For Beginners And Pros Alike

This traditional mahjong set comes in a leather case and each of the 144 handcrafted tiles features a beautifully carved pattern. The set is perfect for novices and pros alike, as the Arabic numerals on the tiles will help if you're not skilled at reading Chinese numbers quite yet.

05
A Wooden Set That's Artisan-Made

Verve Culture, a global marketplace for independent artisans, offers this traditional set in a handcrafted wooden box every player will enjoy. In the product description, you can find information about the game's origin, as well as the Chinese symbols.

06
A Set That's Handcrafted From Wood

This handcrafted Chinese-style mahjong set has 144 tiles that are organized in a wooden box. The artisan, Waraporn Khamsuk, is known for crafting wooden games and tableware creations, so this set doubles not only as a fun game, but also as a beautiful conversation piece in your home.