It's Been 20 Years And Tupac's 'Changes' Lyrics Are Still Painfully Relevant


Tupac Shakur, widely regarded as the greatest rapper of all time, was killed 20 years ago today.

Shakur's music continues to have a massive impact on people around the world and has had an immense influence on many of the most talented artists today.

As Kendrick Lamar said last year in a powerful tribute to the legendary rapper,

Shakur's socially conscious raps spoke unfortunate truths about life for minorities in the US.

In spite of the difficult topics he rapped about, Shakur's lyrics were often inherently hopeful. He had faith we could build a better world.

One of Shakur's most powerful and recognizable songs, "Changes," encapsulated his brutally honest but optimistic worldview.

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Two decades after his death, the lyrics of the song remain unsettlingly relevant, touching on themes we continue to contend with in the present day.

Police brutality

In one of the opening lines of the song, Tupac says,

He's clearly referencing the issue of police brutality, and the unfortunate fact US police are more likely to use lethal force against minorities.

In 2016, this line continues to be far too relevant.

So far this year, US police have killed 758 people, including 187 black people, according to The Counted. Black people have been killed by US police in 2016 at more than two times the rate of whites, in spite of making up just 13 percent of the population.

This is clearly still a problem.


In "Changes," Tupac directly addressed the blatant racism he saw in America.

It's not exactly a secret this country has a long history of racism and discrimination. However, a lot of people would like to believe we've moved past all of that and now live in a post-racial society.

Tupac clearly didn't agree with that perception. Sadly, the numbers continue to prove him right in 2016.

Hate crimes are still motivated by race more than any other factor. For example, in 2014, 47 percent of hate crimes were motivated by it, according to data from the FBI.

The second leading motivators, sexual orientation and religion, each accounted for approximately 19 percent of hate crimes -- nowhere near the percentage of motivated by race.

Moreover, in 2015, the number of hate groups in the US grew by 14 percent, from 784 in 2014 to 892 in 2015, according to the SPLC.

You also don't have to look much further than this country's criminal justice system, among other social and political issues, to realize the legacies of Jim Crow and slavery are still alive and well.

Mass Incarceration

One of the most disturbingly timeless lines of Tupac's "Changes" says,

He was all too correct.

With around 2.3 million people behind bars, the US has the highest incarceration rate in the world.

A disproportionate number of incarcerated individuals are minorities.

Today, black people are incarcerated at nearly six times the rate of whites and nearly one million of the 2.3 million locked up are black, according to the NAACP.

Indeed, America's criminal justice system is broken, and it's had an especially detrimental impact on minorities.


The US is a violent country, and Tupac didn't hold back on this topic. In "Changes," he said,

This line is painfully pertinent in the present day.

With over 3,000 people shot in Chicago so far this year and America's ongoing involvement in the devastating war in Syria, as well as its continued activities in Iraq and Afghanistan, we still have "war on the streets and the war in the Middle East."

Not to mention, in 2015, over 13,000 people were killed by gun violence in the US.

It's worth noting violent crime has decreased drastically in the US since the 1980s, but we clearly still have room for improvement.

War on Drugs

The War on Drugs, which largely began under President Richard Nixon, has been a massive and expensive failure.

It's also one of the driving factors of mass incarceration (21 percent of incarcerated individuals are there for drug offenses), and a large reason why we continue to see so many minorities arrested and imprisoned.

Tupac was well aware of this, which he highlighted in "Changes," when he said,

The stats back him up.

In spite of the fact white people are more likely to deal drugs, black people are more likely to get arrested for it. Moreover, even though white and black people use marijuana at similar rates, black people are nearly four times more likely to be arrested for it.

John Ehrlichman, who served as President Richard Nixon's chief domestic advisor when the administration launched the War on Drugs back in 1971, once admitted the drug war was fundamentally motivated by racism. When you take a look at whom it really impacts, it's evident he was telling the truth.

Certain things have definitely changed since Tupac left this world. In "Changes," he said, "We ain't ready to see a black President," but we've now had one for nearly eight years.

Still, if you take a listen to this song, it speaks to a number of problems we're still struggling with as a society.

As Tupac said,

That message is as important now as it was nearly 20 years ago.

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Citations: Rolling Stone, BBC, Vox, Washington Post, The New York Times, CNN